Retinal detachment and its Treatment

Etina is the main area where the images are formed inside the eye it is at the back of the eye. in certain cases like trauma of the eye or people who are high myopic certain holes on retina develop which leads to retinal detachment. it is an emergency case because the more the time passes the less is the chance for recovery. the surgeries are only performed by vitreoretinal surgeons. we have the panel of best vitreoretinal surgeons in Pakistan.

Retinal detachment is a serious eye condition where the retina, the thin layer of tissue at the back of the eye, separates or pulls away from its normal position. This can lead to vision loss if left untreated.

There are a few different treatment options for retinal detachment, depending on the severity and specific case. Here are some common methods:

1. Laser photocoagulation:

This procedure uses a laser to create burns or scars around the detached area of the retina. The scar tissue helps seal the retina to the underlying tissue, preventing further detachment.

2. Pneumatic retinopexy:

In this procedure, a gas bubble is injected into the eye. The bubble then pushes against the detached part of the retina, helping it reattach. The patient’s head position is then carefully adjusted to ensure the bubble stays in the right place. Laser or freezing treatments are often used alongside pneumatic retinopexy.

3. Scleral buckle:

This is a surgical procedure where external buckle is applied to attach retina.
4. Pars plana vitrectomy: A pars plana vitrectomy is a surgical procedure used to treat retinal detachment. It involves the removal of the vitreous humor, a jelly-like substance in the eye, and the repair of any retinal tears or detachments.
During the procedure, the surgeon will make small incisions in the eye and insert tiny instruments, including a fiber-optic light source and a vitrectomy probe. The vitreous humor will be removed and replaced with a clear fluid called balanced salt solution (BSS) or a gas bubble, depending on the specific case.

The surgeon will then locate and treat any retinal tears or detachments. This can involve sealing the tears with laser therapy or cryotherapy (freezing treatment). In some cases, a silicone oil or gas bubble is used to hold the retina in place during the healing process.

After the procedure, the patient will need to follow specific post-operative instructions, such as using prescribed eye drops, avoiding certain activities, and attending follow-up.