Glaucoma and its Treatment

Glaucoma (kala motiya) is a disease which causes irreversible damage to eye due to increase of intraocular pressure. at first pressure is controlled with drops and if it remains uncontrolled then laser is done to open the blocked pathway and so lowering the intraocular pressure. if still the pressure remains high then glaucoma surgery is performed to lower the intraocular pressure. certain shunts can be used to give advance treatment to patients.

Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that can damage the optic nerve, leading to vision loss or even blindness. It is usually caused by high intraocular pressure (pressure inside the eye) due to a buildup of fluid called aqueous humor.

Treatment for glaucoma aims to reduce intraocular pressure and prevent further damage to the optic nerve. The main approaches include medication, laser treatment, and surgery.

1. Medication:

Eyedrops are typically the first line of treatment for glaucoma. These eyedrops either increase the drainage of fluid from the eye or decrease its production, thereby reducing intraocular pressure. Medication may need to be taken regularly to maintain control over the

2. Laser Treatment:

Laser treatment for glaucoma involves using a high-energy laser beam to increase the drainage of fluid from the eye. This procedure is often performed in an outpatient setting and can be effective in managing intraocular pressure.

3. Surgery:

If medication and laser treatment fail to control glaucoma then surgery is performed to provide alternate pathway for drainage of fluid and control pressure.